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Oulun yliopiston väitöskirjat




CELL SEGMENTATION AND TRACKING VIA PROPOSAL GENERATION AND SELECTION, ACTA UNIVERSITATIS OULUENSIS C Technica 634


ISBN-10:978-952-62-1728-4 
Kieli:englanti 
Kustantaja:Oulun yliopisto 
Oppiaine:Tekniikka 
Painos:Osajulkaisuväitöskirjan yhteenveto-osa 
Painosvuosi:2017 
Sijainti:Print Tietotalo 
Sivumäärä:96 
Tekijät:AKRAM SAAD ULLAH 

18.00 €

Biology and medicine rely heavily on images to understand how the body functions, for diagnosing diseases and to test the effects of treatments. In recent decades, microscopy has experienced rapid improvements, enabling imaging of fixed and living cells at higher resolutions and frame rates, and deeper inside the biological samples. This has led to rapid growth in the image data. Automated methods are needed to quantitatively analyze these huge datasets and find statistically valid patterns. Cell segmentation and tracking is critical for automated analysis, yet it is a challenging problem due to large variations in cell shapes and appearances caused by various factors, including cell type, sample preparation and imaging setup. This thesis proposes novel methods for segmentation and tracking of cells, which rely on machine learning based approaches to improve the performance, generalization and reusability of automated methods. Cell proposals are used to efficiently exploit spatial and temporal context for resolving detection ambiguities in high-cell-density regions, caused by weak boundaries and deformable shapes of cells. This thesis presents two cell proposal methods: the first method uses multiple blob-like filter banks for detecting candidates for round cells, while the second method, Cell Proposal Network (CPN), uses convolutional neural networks to learn the cell shapes and appearances, and can propose candidates for cells in a wide variety of microscopy images. CPN first regresses cell candidate bounding boxes and their scores, then, it segments the regions inside the top ranked boxes to obtain cell candidate masks. CPN can be used as a general cell detector, as is demonstrated by training a single model to segment images from histology, fluorescence and phase-contrast microscopy. This work poses segmentation and tracking as proposal selection problems, which are solved optimally using integer linear programming or approximately using iterative shortest cost path search and non-maximum suppression. Additionally, this thesis presents a method which utilizes graph-cuts and an off-the-shelf edge detector to accurately segment highly deformable cells. The main contribution of this thesis is a cell tracking method which uses CPN to propose cell candidates, represents alternative tracking hypotheses using a graphical model, and selects the globally optimal sub-graph providing cell tracks. It achieves state-of-the-art tracking performance on multiple public benchmark datasets from both phase-contrast and fluorescence microscopy containing cells of various shapes and appearances.


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